Spinning Black Holes

Spinning Black Holes

A pulsing black hole in the centre of a distant galaxy sheds light on black hole and galaxy formation. How fast are black holes rotating and how does that rotation change over its life-span?

Huge thanks to Prof. Geraint Lewis and study author Dr. Dheeraj Pasham.

A loud quasi-periodic oscillation after a star is disrupted
by a massive black hole

Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Donal Botkin, James M Nicholson, Michael Krugman, Nathan Hansen, Ron Neal, Stan Presolski, Terrance Shepherd

Music from http://epidemicsound.com “Colorful animation 4” “serene story 2” “To the stars 01” “Black Vortex

Animations by Alan Chamberlain and courtesy of NASA


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  1. Bien. El enredo del tiempo relativo, como ver en cámara lenta el movimiento del segundero de un reloj y al reloj en un torno, girando en sentido contrario y a una velocidad mayor que a la del segundo … el reloj esta regresando al pasado? o sigue avanzando al futuro?…

  2. I personally kind of hope that the cosmic censorship hypothesis is false. Who knows what a naked singularity would look like, but it would certainly be informative.

  3. Vertasium my dude, One night in 2014, me and other friends saw how the entire night sky was engulfed in bright blue light, as if a Blue Beam shoot above earth. It was so bright even buildings and trees threw shadows, could this have been this x-ray beam? Were the emitted rays also in the visible spectrum? :O

  4. Why is that shiny object still not consumed by black holes even after another star added ! Shouldnt it consume it eventually?

  5. All the planets and stars of the milky way galaxy are inside the singularity. They create the vacuum as they plow through the singularity of time inflating it. Everything in the galaxy is inside the blackhole at the center of it everything but space junk that has broken off the timeline. If it has an envelope its traveling inside the singularity of time. We are plowing through the singularity inflating space as we move through time. The vacuum of a blackhole is more like the suction of a needle. As the plunger is pulled upward a vacuum is created. Same setup as planets plow through the singularity or quantum tunnel if you prefer that term, it inflates outer space and creates the vacuum pressure of the blackholes. If you think of the blackhole at the center of the milky way as the needle of a syringe, and the singularity (quantum tunnel) as the syringe. Planets and stars are the plungers and as they plunge through the singularity of time (quantum tunnel) it causes the vacuum pressure. If you think of all the other blackholes in the galaxy as holes in our syringe they reduce the mass/vacuum pressure of the center blackhole because they steal a little of its vacuum but doesn't change the overall vacuum of the galaxy. If you calculate the mass of every blackhole in the milky way and combine them and do the same with planets and stars you would find they are equal because the planets and stars give blackholes their mass.

  6. Space has angular momentum which produces space vortex. Black hole is formed at the center of this vortex. The vortex draws in nearby matter forming acretion disc and galaxy. Space forms a sphere around the galaxy. It is denser around galactic disc and galaxy center and rotates with the galaxy. It helps galaxy maintain its spiral shape for a longer time and creates low pressure regions at the poles for astrophysical jets to form. These jets remain collimated within the space sphere but disperse at the boundary of the sphere. Once out of space sphere the motion of particles in the jet is stopped by space moving towards the galaxy which also forms a halo around the galaxy.