The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has decided to maintain Pakistan’s status on its grey list of countries.

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has decided to maintain Pakistan’s status on its grey list of countries. 1
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The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has decided to maintain Pakistan’s status on its grey list of countries. 4

'To remain on the grey list': FATF urges Pakistan to complete an action plan by Feb 2021.

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has found that Pakistan has successfully complied with 21 out of 27 points of action and decided to keep the country on its 'grey list' until February 2021, the watchdog's president said on Friday.

FATF President Marcus Player announced the decision at a virtual press conference held after the body's three-day plenary session came to an end today.

The global watchdog reviewed Pakistan’s progress on the 27-point action plan for addressing anti-money laundering and terror financing in its plenary session that started on October 21.

The country has remained in the list as it has been unable to comply with six of the 27 points in the global terror financing and money laundering watchdog’s action plan.

The Paris-based global watchdog for curbing terror financing and money laundering held its virtual plenary session from October 21 to 23 and reviewed Pakistan’s progress on the 27-point action plan.

Addressing press conference through video link, FATF President Dr Marcus Player said that once the remaining six conditions are fulfilled, an "on-site visit" will be approved under which a team from the FATF will visit the country for the next review. He said that the new deadline for Pakistan to fulfill the remaining conditions is February 2021.

The FATF president went on to say that as long as Pakistan can be seen progressing and fulfilling the requirements, it will be given a chance. Two countries, Iceland and Mongolia, were also removed from the FATF’s "blacklist".

The statement added that Pakistan needed to work on four areas to address its strategic deficiencies, including by demonstrating that law enforcement agencies (LEAs) are identifying and investigating the widest range of TF (terrorist financing) activity and that TF investigations and prosecutions target designated persons and entities, and those acting on behalf or at the direction of the designated persons or entities."

Pakistan also needs to demonstrate that “TF prosecutions result in effective, proportionate and dissuasive sanctions," it said. In other words, steps that are seen as “cosmetic" without lasting impact will not do, said a person familiar with the matter.

Pakistan will also need to demonstrate “effective implementation of targeted financial sanctions against all 1267 and 1373 designated terrorists and those acting for or on their behalf, preventing the raising and moving of funds including in relation to NPOs (non-profit organizations) identifying and freezing assets (movable and immovable), and prohibiting access to funds and financial services," it said. This referred to taking action against those deemed terrorists and terrorist organizations like the Lashkar e Toiba and the Jaish-e-Mohammed by the UN Security Council in its resolutions, the person cited above said.

Besides this, Pakistan needed to show “enforcement against TFS (targeted financial sanctions) violations, including in relation to NPOs, of administrative and criminal penalties and provincial and federal authorities cooperating on enforcement cases," it said.

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