Downfall of Italy: 1944-1945 (2/2) | Animated History


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Downfall of Italy: 1944-1945 (2/2) | Animated History



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Italy in World War II gets a bad reputation as a nation that never accomplished anything, and was ultimately irrelevant to the outcome of the war. But when the Allies finally decided to invade Italy in 1943, they quickly became stalemated by a series of expert-crafted defensive lines created by the German general Albert Kesselring. Join us as we explore exactly how the invasion that was predicted to last only a few months turned into a grueling ordeal that lasted all the way up until the Axis surrender, and cost the Allies over 300,000 casualties.

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Sources:
Atkinson, Rick, The Day of Battle, New York: Henry Holt and Co, 2007, Ebook
“Invasion of Sicily.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, November 18, 2009. https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/invasion-of-sicily.
Luconi, S. (2007). “Italian Americans and the Invasion of Sicily in World War II.” Italian Americana, 25(1), 5-22. www.jstor.org/stable/41330565
Parker, Geoffrey, and Williamson A Murray. “The World at War, 1939–45.” Essay. In The Cambridge History of Warfare. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008. www.jstor.org/stable/resrep13982.9.
St. Clair, M. (2007). The Twelfth US Air Force: Tactical and Operational Innovations in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, 1943–1944 (pp. 17-32, Rep.). Air University Press. www.jstor.org/stable/resrep13982.9
Royde-Smith, J. G., & Hughes, T. A. (2019). “The Allies’ invasion of Italy and the Italian volte-face, 1943.” https://www.britannica.com/event/World-War-II/The-Allies-invasion-of-Italy-and-the-Italian-volte-face-1943
Smyth, Denis. Deathly Deception: The Real Story of Operation Mincemeat. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Zeuhlke, Mark, Operation Husky: The Canadian Invasion of Sicily, July 10 – August 7 1943, Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2009, Ebook.

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21 Comments

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  1. At least one small mention of Italian partisans!
    But only because you can't explain Mussolini's death without mentioning them.
    Which problem does the armchair Historian have with Italian and Yugoslav partisans? I know he's heavily biased in an American exeptionalist and anti communist way. That shows in all his vids about the 20th century. But why not even try to depict history as it really happened?

    Una mattina mi son svegliato,
    (Stamattina mi sono alzato)
    o bella, ciao! bella, ciao! bella, ciao, ciao, ciao!
    Una mattina mi son svegliato,
    e ho trovato l’invasor.

    O partigiano, portami via,
    o bella, ciao! bella, ciao! bella, ciao, ciao, ciao!
    O partigiano, portami via,
    ché mi sento di morir.

    E se io muoio da partigiano,
    (E se io muoio su la montagna)
    o bella, ciao! bella, ciao! bella, ciao, ciao, ciao!
    E se io muoio da partigiano,
    (E se io muoio su la montagna)
    tu mi devi seppellir.

    E seppellire lassù in montagna,
    (E tu mi devi seppellire)
    o bella, ciao! bella, ciao! bella, ciao, ciao, ciao!
    E seppellire lassù in montagna,
    (E tu mi devi seppellire)
    sotto l’ombra di un bel fior.

    Tutte le genti che passeranno,
    (E tutti quelli che passeranno)
    o bella, ciao! bella, ciao! bella, ciao, ciao, ciao!
    Tutte le genti che passeranno,
    (E tutti quelli che passeranno)
    Mi diranno «Che bel fior!»
    (E poi diranno «Che bel fior!»)

    «È questo il fiore del partigiano»,
    (E questo è il fiore del partigiano)
    o bella, ciao! bella, ciao! bella, ciao, ciao, ciao!
    «È questo il fiore del partigiano,
    (E questo è il fiore del partigiano)
    morto per la libertà!»

  2. But was Kesselring really a genius? I mean, he couldn't throw the Allied offensives back into the Mediterranean or stop it. Slowly, the Anglo American forces conquered Italy

  3. Fun fact: when partisans killed Mussolini, they exposed his body next to a gas station, the people where so furious against Mussolini that they outnumbered the partisans that were trying to preserve the body enough to make it recognizable for other people who wanted to see it. So they put him hanging upside down in the roof of the gas station to let everyone see the corpse.

  4. The picture in the thumbnail of this video shows a group of solider's posing with a captured Nazi flag on Normandy Beach after D-Day. The man holding the flag is named Jim Flannigan from Fairfax, MO. My grandpa, an Army Air Core veteran, was a friend of his. Great to see this picture still lives on…

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