Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar

Aung San Suu Kyi is the state counselor of Myanmar and winner of the 1991 Nobel Prize for peace.


Aung San Suu Kyi born in Yangon, Myanmar, in 1945, Aung San Suu Kyi spent much of her early adult years abroad before returning home and becoming an activist against the brutal rule of dictator U Ne Win. she was placed under house arrest in 198 and spent 15 of the next 21 years in custody, winning the 1991 Nobel peace prize along the way. Suu Kyi was finally released from house arrest in November 2010 and subsequently held a seat in parliament for the national league for democracy(NLD) party. following the NLD’s victory in the 2016 parliamentary elections, Suu Kyi became the de facto head of the country in the new role of state counselor.

Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar 2Early years, Aung San Suu Kyi was born on June 19, 1945, in Yangon, Myanmar, a country traditionally known as Burma. her father, formerly the de facto prime minister of British Burma, was assassinated in 1947. Her mother, Khin Kyi, was appointed ambassador to India in 1960. After attending high school in India, Suu Kyi studied philosophy, politics, and economics at the Univesity of Oxford, receiving a B.A. in 1967. During that time she met Michael Aris, A British expert on Bhutanese studies, whom she married in 1972. They two children- Alexander and Kim- and the family spent the 1970s ’80s in England, the United States and India. In 1988, after Suu Kyi returned to Burma to care for her dying mother, her life took a dramatic turn. Return to Burma In 1962, dictator U Ne Win staged a successful coup d’detat in  Burma, which spurred intermittent protest over his policies during the subsequent decades. By 1988, he had resigned his post of party chairman, essentially leaving the various violent responses to the continuing protests and other events.In 1988, when Suu Kyi returned to Burma from abroad, it was amid the slaughter of protesters rallying against U Ne Win and his iron-fisted rule. She soon began speaking out publicly against him, with issues of democracy and human rights at the fore of her agenda. It did not take long for the junta to notice her efforts, and in July 1989, the military government of Burma- which was renamed the Union of Myanmar-placed under house arrest, cutting off any communication with the outside world.
Aung San Suu Kyi was held under house arrest until July 1995. When released she faced restrictions on travel.

Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar 3On March 27, 1999, Aung San Suu Kyi’s husband, Michael Aris, died of cancer in London. He had petitioned the Burmese authorities to allow him to visit Aung San Suu Kyi one last time, but they had rejected his request. He had not seen her since a Christmas visit in 1995. The government always urged Aung San Suu Kyi to join her family abroad, but she knew that she would not be allowed to return to Burma. From 1995 to 2000, Suu Kyi continued her campaign for a democratic Burma, despite being under strict “supervision,” threats from the government, and the loss of her husband in 1999 to prostate cancer. Yet on September 23rd, 2000, she was placed back under house arrest until May 6th, 2002. Throughout the next eight years, Suu Kyi was constantly fighting for a democratic Burma, despite being placed back under house arrest on May 6th, 2003.
On May 30th, 2003 members of the USDA attacked a convoy of vehicles Aung San Suu Kyi was traveling in. It was an attempt by the dictatorship to assassinate Aung San Suu Kyi, using a civilian front so as not to take the blame.

Aung San Suu Kyi’s driver managed to drive her to safety, but more than 70 of Aung San Suu Kyi’s supporters were beaten to death. The attack became known at the Depayin Massacre. The dictatorship claimed it was a riot between two political groups, incited by the NLD. The United Nations General Assembly called for the incident to be investigated, but it never was.
Ms. Suu Kyi was side-lined from Myanmar’s first elections in two decades on 7 November 2010 but released from house arrest six days later. Her son Kim was allowed to visit her for the first time in a decade.

As the new government embarked on a process of reform, Ms Suu Kyi and her party re-joined the political process.

They won 43 of the 45 seats contested in April 2012 by-elections, in an emphatic statement of support. Ms Suu Kyi was sworn in as an MP and leader of the opposition.

The following May, she left Myanmar for the first time in 24 years, in a sign of apparent confidence that its new leaders would allow her to return.
In November 2011, the NLD announced that it would re-register as a political party, and in January 2012, Suu Kyi formally registered to run for a seat in parliament. On April 1, 2012, following a grueling and exhausting campaign, the NLD announced that Suu Kyi had won her election. A news broadcast on state-run MRTV confirmed her victory, and on May 2, 2012, Suu Kyi took office.

With Suu Kyi had won reelection as leader of her party in 2013, the country again held parliamentary elections on November 8, 2015, in what was viewed as the most open voting process in decades. Less than a week later, on November 13, the NLD was officially able to declare a landslide victory, having won 378 seats in a 664-seat parliament.

In early March 2016, the party selected the country’s new president, Htin Kyaw, who had been a longtime adviser to Suu Kyi. He was sworn in at the end of the month. Although Suu Kyi remained constitutionally barred from the presidency, in April 2016 the position of state counselor was created to allow her a greater role in the country’s affairs. Suu Kyi has publicly stated her intention to rule “above the president” until changes to the constitution can be addressed.
Aung San Suu Kyi has won numerous international awards, including the Nobel Peace Prize, the Sakharov Prize from the European Parliament, and the United States Presidential Medal of Freedom. She has called on people around the world to join the struggle for freedom in Burma, saying “Please use your liberty to promote ours.

daughter of Aung San (a martyred national hero of independent Burma) and Khin Kyi (a prominent Burmese diplomat), and winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1991. She held multiple governmental posts since 2016, including that of state counselor, which essentially made her the de facto leader of the country.

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