Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing.

Florence Nightingale, OM, RRC, DST was an English social reformer and statistician,


Florence Nightingale was the founder of modern nursing. She was born on May 12, 1820, in Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany Italy. Her father’s name was William Nightingale and her mother’s name was Frances Nightingale. She had one sister. Florence was born into a rich family, well connected British family. Florence was raised at Lea Hurst, where she received classical education included German, Italian and French at the age of 16 Florence Nightingale had a very keen interest in philanthropy and caring for the sick at that time Nursing was looked down upon by Society at the time after much opposition Florence decided to enter the field in 1844. She enrolled herself as a student at the Lutheran Hospital of Pasteur Fleenor in case’ Worth Germany’, she then worked hard to educate herself in the art and science of Nursing.
After visiting Egypt in Paris she realized that disciplined and well-organized nuns or sisters made better nurses than women. In England, in 1853 she was appointed superintendent of the hospital for invalid gentlewoman at the time of the Crimean War around 18,000 soldiers were injured and admitted into military hospitals Nightingale received a letter from Secretary of War Sidney Herbert requested to help the injured she assembled a team of more than 30 nurses and sailed to Crimea immediately there the condition of the soldiers there was much worse than expected the soldiers were in a horrible state due to the lack of proper sanitation and hygienic surroundings the medicines supply was not sufficient.  Nightingale quickly got to work and tried to lower the death rate the war was over by March 1856 an estimated 94 thousand men were sent to the war front out of which almost 4,000 died of battle wounds 19,000 died of diseases and 13 thousand were invalidated out of the army.

Florence Nightingale returned to England as a national hero.

but she was deeply shocked by the mass death that took place right before her eyes because of poor sanitation therefore she was determined to begin a campaign that would improve the quality of Nursing and military hospitals she started investigating before the Royal Commission on the health of the army and that resulted in the formation of the Army Medical College in 1855 the Nightingale fund was set up to open up a training school for nurses via 1860 the Nightingale school and home for nurses was established at st. Thomas Hospital.
She could not be the superintendent because of her Crimean fever but she closely watched the progress of the institution when the Indian mutiny broke out in 1857, she wished to come to India and help improve the sanitation facilities even though she could never come she played an instrumental role in getting the sanitary Department established by the Indian government she chose to remain a spinster as she believed marriage would hamper her calling she had a relationship with a politician Richard Moncton Milnes that lasted for nine years but it did not lead to marriage.
Florence Nightingale was very good friends with Sidney Herbert Secretary of War and had a deep relationship with Benjamin Jowett who wanted to marry her. She was awarded the Royal Red Cross by Queen Victoria in 1883 in 1910. She was awarded the badge of honor of the Norwegian Red Cross Society International Nurses Day is celebrated every year on her birthday.
She died peacefully at the age of 90 in South Street Park London on 13 August 1910.
“I attribute my success to this I never gave her took any excuse,” said
Florence Nightingale

  1. Florence Nightingale: Early Life
  2. Florence Nightingale and Nursing
  3. Florence Nightingale and the Crimean War
  4. Florence Nightingale, Statistician
  5. Florence Nightingale’s Impact on Nursing
  6. Florence Nightingale: Death and Legacy


Florence Nightingale: Early Life was a prodigious and versatile writer. In her lifetime, much of her published work was concerned with spreading medical knowledge. Some of her tracts were written in simple English so that they could easily be understood by those with poor literary skills. She was also a pioneer in data visualization with the use of infographics, effectively using graphical presentations of statistical data. Much of her writing, including her extensive work on religion and mysticism, has only been published posthumously.

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