WHAT IS DIABETES TYPE 2 ?
Diabetes type 2 is a long-term condition that affects adults and middle-aged people, mostly. Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1 diabetes. It is associated with insulin resistance resulting in hyperglycemia.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, and it signals the cells to take up the glucose from the blood. When you take a meal, level of sugar and nutrients rises, during digestion, carbohydrates break into simpler sugar like glucose. Glucose is necessary for energy and to perform various functions of the body. But for this, glucose should be absorbed from the bloodstream into the cells. Insulin is the precursor of this step; it signals the cell that it’s a time to take up glucose. But in type 2 diabetes, body cells get resistant from the effect of insulin known as insulin resistance. Once this condition develops, glucose starts to build up in the bloodstream resulting in elevated glucose levels. Due to high levels, the pancreas begins to produce more and more insulin to balance the glucose level. Over time pancreas gets exhausted and cannot keep the demand for insulin body requires, ending in high glucose level in blood.
The main factor of diabetes 2 is genetics; it runs in families. Obesity also markedly increases the risks of diabetes 2. Cholesterol, high blood pressure, stress and, more importantly, gestational diabetes (which occur at pregnancy) can cause diabetes 2.