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Whichever form the ballgame best served the society in which it was played, ōllamaliztli and pitz made up a huge part of Meso-American political and cultural life.
With the Spanish conquest, the game’s widespread adoption suffered a gradual decline, in part because the new masters saw it as barbaric.
Sacrificial victims have been documented, including defeated noble players, coaches, and sometimes entire teams!
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Created by Daniel Turner (B.A. (Hons) in History, University College London)
Expeditionary by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Running Waters Full Band by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sports, Games, and Gambling in the Aztec World By Martin Wasserman
Mayan, Incan, and Aztec Civilizations, Grades 5 – 8 By Michael Kramme
The Aztecs Under Spanish Rule: A History of the Indians of the Valley of New Mexico By Charles Gibson
“Ulama”, the Survival of the Mesoamerican Ballgame Ullamaliztli
Ted J. J. Leyenaar