Yum-e-Ashura, 10th Muharram ul Haraam, is a holy day for Muslims that lies on the 10th day of Muharram, which is the first Islamic month. On the other side, the term came from the Arabic word that means ten. However, Muharram was among the 4 sacred months in which fighting was prohibited.
Ashura marks the death anniversary of Hussain ibn Ali ibn e Talib, who was killed in The Battle of Karbala. The Day of Ashura is recognized by millions across the world to remember Hussain’s dignified stand for social justice and fought for the glory of the religion of Allah.
Fasting on Youm-e-Ashura, 10th Muharram Date was the norm in the early Islamic civilization, and the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) also fasted on the day.
He also advised his Sahab (companions) to fast on Ashura. However, fasting on Ashura is recommended but not obligatory for Muslims.
The day of Ashura 2021 Muharram date is acknowledged for several key Islamic events. However, it is mainly associated with the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain (( رضي الله عنه) and his companions. Processions and rallies are organized by people to pay tribute to the grandson and family members of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم ). In mosques and Imambargahs, ulemas describe the significance of the holy Islamic day and the sacrifices of Ahl-e-Bayt.
Hussain ibn Ali was the grandson of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم (the last prophet of Islam), born in 620 AD. Hussain ( رضي الله عنه) grew up with stories of compassion and dignity his grandfather displayed, and as such became a leader who was known widely for his compassion, wisdom, and integrity.
Not long after the death of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم, the Islamic Empire had fallen back into old habits. Hussain ( رضي الله عنه)saw his grandfather’s teachings eroded by the caliph Yazid. Slowly the moral fabric of society began to decay as Yazid ruled with his own interests in mind.
Hussain ( رضي الله عنه) was highly respected within society, and his endorsement would carry great weight. Yazid needed a man like Hussain ( رضي الله عنه) to follow his rule in order to provide legitimacy to his corrupt government. But Hussain ( رضي الله عنه)was a man of morals and strived for social justice. Hussain could not sit and endorse Yazid and spoke out against him, despite it being a risk to his life.
Hussain ( رضي الله عنه) chose to make the ultimate stand for social justice. He chose to leave his hometown along with his family and a few companions. When word reached Yazid of Hussain’s stand, he sent an army of 30,000 to force Hussain ( رضي الله عنه) to obey his rule.
Yazid knew full well that Hussain ( رضي الله عنه) had a great amount of influence, and that what started as a small stand with his family and companions could become a stand of tens of thousands of people. Thus, Yazid gave Hussain ( رضي الله عنه) an ultimatum. Either obey him or die.
Hussain ( رضي الله عنه) did not want any violence and did not want anyone to die, however, he knew he could not sit and obey Yazid, he chose instead to stick to his principles. Having refused to obey him, Yazid ordered his fauj to Shaheed Hussain ( رضي الله عنه) on the 680 AD, 10th day of the first month of the Islamic calendar (Muharram). This day is known as The Day of Ashura.