WHAT IS EMBOLISM AND HOW TO PREVENT OR MANAGE IT?
Embolism is defined as a certain blockage that prevents the easy blood flow within the arteries. There are certain examples of embolism like pulmonary embolism, retinal embolism, brain embolism, fat embolism, and others. Embolism is considered one of the leading causes of cardiovascular diseases which affects around 1 in 1000 individuals every year. The blockage is usually described as a blood clot where the body prevents the oxygen supply towards the essential tissues of the body which can be life-threatening and lead to a vicious cycle ultimately causing death. Embolism is a Greek term that means plug or stopper which serves as a barrier in the transmission of normal blood supply.
During pulmonary embolism, the embolus is formed within one body part which then circulates all through the body and ultimately results in blockage of the blood within the blood vessel and prevents blood flow to another part such as the lugs. You might be confused between thrombus and embolus. An embolus is the one that roams around in the blood vessel rather than sticking to one part and is usually originated from the thrombus. The lodging of the embolus within the blood vessel can be fatal if it obstructs the brain, lungs or heart.
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