How To Survive In Antarctica

How To Survive In Antarctica 5

Antarctica is a continent, surrounded by an ocean, which freezes with sea ice. It is also the driest, windiest, coldest, and iciest continent. It is the world’s highest continent, with an average elevation of about 7,200 feet (2,200 meters) above sea level. January is the warmest month in Antarctica, during which average temperatures climb all the way up to 0 degrees in the Antarctic Peninsula. We have some useful tips to survive in Antarctica.

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1) Prepare for the cold
In summer, air temperature under windless conditions can drop to -50° C. Wind can cause freezing in a blink of an eye. This is why it is important to wear very warm clothes all the time. Also Wind can flash freeze your skin instantly. Avoid wearing tight footwear – it will help maintain normal blood circulation to your extremities. Clothes should be warm and dry. Moisture freezes over instantaneously in Antarctica. Wear several layers of loose fitting, lightweight, warm clothing rather than one layer of heavy clothing.

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Wonderful blue icebergs in Iceland in summer

2) Watch the ice
Winter in Antarctica is so cold that it freezes the ocean. Ice is an important field of study in Antarctica. Nevertheless, it is also extremely dangerous. The colour of the ice can give a hint whether it is safe or not to venture forward. White ice is the safest – its thickness is usually 15-30 cm. young ice is grey, its thickness is 10-15 cm. It is best to avoid walking on such ice. This colour means the ice has only recently formed so it is unsafe.

3) High calories intake
Eat plenty of calories, because very cold climates burn calories faster than any other type of environment. Not only is it hard work trying to wade through thick snow, but the air also contains zero moisture and your body looses water with every breath, causing your body to work harder just to keep going. High fat and calorie foods are always on the menu, with chocolate and sweets being one of the most important foods for anyone going outside. To ensure warmth and enough energy for everyday activities, a person has to consume approximately 5,000-6,000 calories a day.

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Bottle of water

4) Stay hydrated
Antarctica is a polar desert and therefore extremely dry. In these conditions, your body begins to lose water just through breathing. You need at least six to eight liters a day to stay hydrated.

5) Always carry a full and extensive survival kit
GPS device, satellite phone and signal rockets can save your life if you get separated from your group. If you step foot outside a safe area or shelter into the wild, then always carry a survival kit that contains everything you’ll need to stay alive until help comes. This kit should consist of a tent, emergency food and enough heat providing materials to stay warm, like a thermal blanket and sleeping bag.

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Wind direction indicator.

6) Watch the weather at all times
Weather in Antarctica is very changeable. A clear, sunny day can become dangerous in not time. Wind speed can reach 160 km/h, which is enough to push a small vehicle. This is why it is highly important to keep an eye on the weather at all times.

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