What Happened to Japanese Soldiers After WW2? | Animated History


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What Happened to Japanese Soldiers After WW2? | Animated History



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Sources:
Artworks of Kiuti Nobuo from “Japanese prisoners of war on the Soviet Union in graphics”, Bashiny.net, accessed 13/06/2022, https://bashny.net/t/en/100486.

“Profiles of Known Japanese Holdouts”, accessed 12/06/2022, https://wanpela.com/holdouts/profiles/index.html.

“The International Military Tribunal for the Far East”. Accessed 13/06/2022. https://imtfe.law.virginia.edu/.

“The Last Last Soldier?”, Time, 13 January 1975, archived from the original on 1 February 2009, accessed 12/06/2022, https://web.archive.org/web/20090201124208/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,917064,00.html?iid=chix-sphere.

Dower, John W. Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II (United Kingdom: W.W. Norton & Company/New Press, 1999).

Fujio, HARA. “Former Japanese Soldiers Who Joined Communist Guerrillas in Malaya: Reconstructing an Elusive History.” Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 89, no. 2 (311) (2016): 67–100. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26527760.

Ju-ao, Mei. The Tokyo Trial and War Crimes in Asia (Germany: Springer Nature Singapore, 2021).

Kovner, Sarah. Prisoners of the Empire: Inside Japanese POW Camps (N.p.: Harvard University Press, 2020).

Muminov, Sherzod. Eleven Winters of Discontent: The Siberian Internment and the Making of a New Japan (N.p.: Harvard University Press, 2022).

Onoda, Hiroo. No Surrender: My Thirty-year War (United States: Naval Institute Press, 1999).

Porter, Edgar A., Porter, Ran Ying. Japanese Reflections on World War II and the American Occupation (Netherlands: Amsterdam University Press, 2018).

Rosie, George. The British in Vietnam: how the twenty-five year war began (London: Panther, 1970).

Straus, Ulrich. The anguish of surrender : Japanese POW’s of World War II (United Kingdom: University of Washington Press, 2003).

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33 Comments

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  1. Thank you to Wondrium for sponsoring today's video! Signup for your FREE trial to Wondrium here: http://ow.ly/T1qz50LnlWQ

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  2. The Asahi Shimbun newspaper reported in January 1980 that Captain Fumio Nakahara was still holding out on Mount Halcon in the Philippines. A search team headed buy a former comrade in arms Isao Miyazawa believed they had found his hut. However no evidence that Nakahara was still alive at the time has been found.

  3. The Soviet’s attack on the Japanese in Manchuria was agreement amongst FDR, Stalin, and Churchill at the Yalta Conference. Despite the active non-aggression pact between Japan and the Soviets, the leaders agreed that if the Soviet's military advanced into Manchuria, they were allowed to keep the four Japanese Kuril Islands off the northernmost island of Hokkaido.

    After the U.S. dropped the A-Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Soviets entered Manchuria and conducted atrocities against the Japanese military, women, and children. They then forced approximately 300,000 Japanese military and civilians into the Siberian labor camps. The Japanese government estimated that 50,000 died while the Russian government disclosed 60,000 died.

    The Soviets ignored the Japanese surrender and continued killing the military and civilians until they captured the four Kuril Islands.

    During the San Francisco Peace Treaty with Japan in 1952, the Allies did not include the four Islands as Soviet territories as agreed in the Yalta Conference. Therefore, the Soviets refused to sign the Peace Treaty. They continue to occupy the islands to this day.

  4. You left out a critical aspect of the end of the war and collapse of the Japanese government. The Japanese chemists working independently on a new interesting compound had not realized, right away, the massive stimulating effects of Methamphetamine. Around WWI they pioneered it's use by the military to carry out Japans Imperial ambitions. By WW2 they were manufacturing mass quantities. At wars end there were huge stockpiles that were looted and flooded into the ruined nation. Intravenous use became endemic and there were hundreds of thousands of addicts. The Yakusa were enthusiastic users and many are now seeking liver transplants. The nexus of organized crime and organ trafficking is a whole other horrible story. Very soon American soldiers were getting addicted and brought IV Meth use home with them. Meth was legal until 1965 when some regulation was enacted. The Veterans administration Drs were using it to help Heroin addicts. Meth users would trade methadone for vials of high grade government Meth. You can read more about this in Lenny Bruce's biography
    30 years later a previously obscure and rare liver disease suddenly became an epidemic. It took a long time to work out the what and how but this is now the accepted origin of Hepatitis C. Hepatitis C typically takes a long time to present symptoms 30 years is not uncommon.
    By the early 70s the numbers of afflicted people in Japan was growing exponentially. The USA soon followed. By the early 80s along with Aids it became a fatal 1-2 punch. No cure for Hep C until the use of Pegalated Interferon was found to be efficacious in some people with certain liver genomes.
    Hep C in not the automatic death sentence that it once was but it can do a lot of damage before diagnosis and treatment.
    So there you are, the outfall continues.
    I liked how you put this together. I would have liked to hear more about how the OSS sent agents into Indochina to contact Ho Chi Min and work out the surrender of the Japanese Army. That was a lost opportunity when the stupid British pushed there way in in order to return Indochina to the stupid French. Interesting aspect is that the Japanese soldiers there were soon tasked with policing the country. The Japanese soldiers were well trained and actually trusted more that the Colonials.
    Its enough to make you weep. The US had many other fires to fight and the effort died, snuffed out before it could take hold.

  5. One of my Uncles was in the Philippines at the end of the war preparing for the invasion of Japan having arrived in July/August of 45.. He was a sergeant working at a giant equipment depot. At the end of the war his boss had enough points and was immediately shipped home during Operation Magic Carpet.. On his way out the door he threw the keys to the place to my 18 year old Uncle and said, "It's all yours." My Uncle was now responsible for for tens of millions of dollars of every kind of equipment. Most of his time was keeping the locals from breaking in and looting the place. They were relentless. It was an endless battle. He had a Japanese corporal as an assistant who was honest hard working and diligent and continually pestered my Uncle to take him home to the United States offering to be his houseboy. Ultimately he did not take this man home with him but said he was a very nice young man and my Uncle liked him. I asked if he had seriously considered the idea. He said "Yeah, for a couple of minutes." Unfortunately he had by then forgotten the man's name but I'll bet somewhere there are or were documents archived regarding payroll etc. Unfortunately massive amounts of WW2 archives were destroyed in 1972 during a massive mutiday fire at the Archives in St. Louis.

  6. a small but importent fact Russia agreed to fought japan because the world agreed upon declaration of a country named Mongolia ,my country
    if the world didn’t agree Russia wouldn’t fought japan Russia states

  7. Onoda was a bit lucky that the Philippine government spared his life. The Philippines had every justification to have him executed for war crimes for waging terror in Lubang Island, resulting in the destruction of properties and the murder of many Filipino civilians throughout almost 30 years after the war ended. Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos chose not to cause friction with Japan who was a large economic partner and refrained from holding Onoda accountable for his actions, allowing him to return home.

  8. Great video. I hope to see you take on another post-WW2 subject regarding surrendered Japanese troops at the end of the war in Southeast Asia. Thousands of Japanese troops who were not repatriated home in 1945 were re-armed by Britain, France and Netherlands to maintain order over their colonies in Malaya, Dutch East Indies and French Indochina until they can bring more troops from Europe. Many of those Japanese troops who stayed ended up working as mercenaries for the Dutch and French, while some Japanese troops in Indonesia joined revolutionary groups trying to overthrow Dutch colonial rule.

  9. Don't you dare say that Japanese soldiers were treated "inhumanely" by the Russians. They way that they treated allied prisoners and civilians was "inhumane" all of the time.

  10. Squalor, terrible conditions, horrendous treatment, all terrible things.
    Read the memoirs of those US Servicemen who managed to miraculously survive The Bataan Death March, and their ultimate imprisonment in Japanese prison camps, and you’ll find that they were treated FAR worse by their Japanese captors than The Japanese were treated by their Allied captors.
    Beatings, torture, starvation, disease and infection with no treatment, forced labor with no food or water in 100°+ temperatures, limbs cut off with swords, beheadings…all commonplace in the daily lives of those imprisoned by the Japanese.

  11. The conflict between the Soviets and the Japanese was that of non Christians vs non Christians. As was the Soviet vs Nazi conflict. The results are always horrific when this is the case. I am aware that is not how many see it. But it is always brutal when this is the case. Hatred is the overwhelming motivation. Thank God this is not the case in the west.

  12. There might be some stories about the Japanese soldiers after the WW2 ended. For example, the departure to their homeland was unpleasant where some victims blocked their way home by killing them away.

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